Jim Friedman, Ph.D. Miami University

Creatives are the newest business rock stars.  It wasn’t always that way.   Creativity used to be synonymous with art making.  You were creative if you could paint, write draw, sing or dance.  It’s different now.

IBM asked more than 1,500 CEOs what they believed was the single most important factor they wanted in a new hire.  Their answer?  Creativity.  The world is changing quickly. The future is unsure.  So creativity may be the single most important skill we can teach our students to prepare them for the world after graduation.

But, do we teach creativity?  Do our teachers value it?  Do they know how to foster it or even identify it? Do business executives?  Do you?  It’s not easy.

The question I hear most often from students and professionals – can you really teach creativity?

The short answer is yes… at least, that’s what I have convinced Miami University.  I have the greatest job in the world … I teach creativity in the Farmer School of Business.  It’s kinda like kindergarten for college students.  It’s fun.  But there is an awakening during each semester that is a wonder to behold.

My students are seeking the Creative Explosion.  The C4.  I teach them my own personal concoction, my four-step process that ignites more creative directions… better answers… answers others never consider.

STEP ONE IN THE C4: QUESTIONING.  We practice several questioning heuristics. We ask “why” and “what if.”  We practice asking dumb questions.  We change the question and clarifying the question.  The secret to finding more creative answers is asking better questions.  Questioning is the spark. We find the question no one else is asking.

STEP TWO: SILENCING THE VOJ. At some point during the questioning we hear that voice in our head… that inner critic… that voice of judgment.  You know it.  It says… “That‘s stupid.”  “We can’t do that.”  “They’re gonna turn you down or laugh at you.”  “Stick with something you can actually accomplish.”  This is an important moment in the creative explosion.  You need to shut up that voice.  You need to challenge it.  You need to silence it.  Silencing your VOJ supplies the heat to push beyond your inner idea killer.

STEP THREE: TAKING RISKS.  When you silence that inner voice or judgment, you will naturally take the risk.  More risk, more possibility.  The greater the risk, the greater the reward.

STEP FOUR. CELEBRATE FAILURE.  More risk… more risk of failure.  In the search for the creative direction, failure is good.  Failure is the key to success.  Failure gives the opportunity to ask more, better, different questions.  Failure is the flash.  Failure begins the C4 process again.

It sounds easy but C4 takes work and courage.  Do you have the courage to not choose the first right idea? We are in such a hurry to move projects forward… too afraid to make mistakes that we do what is easy, what is proven.  In other words, we make choices that won’t get us fired.

Tuesday April 15, 2014 was Leonardo da Vinci’s 562nd Birthday. It also began the 14th celebration of da Vinci inspired World Creativity and Innovation Week.  WCIW is celebrated in more than 105 communities in 52 countries.  There have been more than a dozen celebrations at Miami University… events, seminars and expressions of the future of creativity in business and entrepreneurship.

It’s an easy question to answer… are you creative?  No matter which way you answer, you are right.  The harder questions to answer…. are you prepared to make creative explosions in your life and your business?  Are you seeking and empowering employees who do?  Have a very Creative Week.


Jim Friedman, Ph.D. Miami University

I hate to say hate, but … how else do you describe that nails-on-chalkboard spine shivering shrill chill reaction?  I’ve stopped ignoring it.  I vow to stand alone, if necessary, to right this creative wrong: I hate brainstorming.

It’s a daily occurrence.  We have a problem to solve.  The challenge has been identified. The project begins.

“Where do we start?”  Someone always suggests brainstorming.  

“Great, who has an idea?” 

“How about this….”  A couple of ideas are suggested… or, as is often the case, one idea is suggested.

“Good… let’s do that.”

Brainstorm completed.  Meeting adjourned. Team moves forward ready to make an un-creative idea happen.

Well, we have a creativity crisis here.  We’ve got trouble. Right here in River City. With a capital T and that rhymes with B and that stands for Brainstorm.

We don’t brainstorm. We braindump.  You know, Braindump: {breyn-duhmp} noun | verb-phrase: To drop your first idea without considering additional innovative ideas that might be eagerly awaiting discovery.

We most often grab the first idea and move forward.  The first idea is rarely the best idea.  The first idea is rarely the creative idea.  The first idea is what everyone else thinks of.  It’s the easy way, the quickest way.  The first idea is not how we’re going to stand out.  It’s not how we are going to wow our bosses or our customers or our shareholders.

Our stakeholders demand innovation.  They want us to pull away from the pack.  They want products, services and ideas that will establish us as memorable.  How are we going to do that?  Well, maybe brainstorming.  But let’s brainstorm correctly.

Confession time.  I really don’t hate brainstorming. I hate what it’s become.  I am ready to draw a creative line in the sand and ask you to stand with me so that we can reclaim the tool.

The term “brainstorm” as a creative tool was coined by Alex Osborn in 1953. It’s a specific tool with specific rules but it seems to have become a generic term like so many products and services from aspirin to zipper. Osborn created brainstorming with four very specific rules:

THE FIRST RULE: Defer judgment.  That’s tough for most of us.  We tend to live in judgment.  Listen carefully next time someone shares an idea.  What’s the reaction?  It’s the attack of the idea killers…. “We don’t have enough time, money, people to do that.”  “We tried that before and it didn’t work.”  “They’ll never go for it.”  “Are we allowed to do that?”   To brainstorm properly, save judging ideas for later.

THE SECOND RULE: Build on the ideas of others.  We call this, the “yes, and…” rule.  Too many times we hear an idea and say, “Yes, but…” That’s an idea killer.  Keep your “buts” out of the brainstorm.  Build on ideas.  Add to them.  Embellish, elaborate and encourage them.  Try starting comments with “Yes, and…”

THE THIRD RULE: Go for quantity.  This is critical.  We need to move past the first, second and third answers.  When people believe they are not creative, using first right answers may be why.  Find more options.  Find options others never discover.  Stop looking for the first right answer.  Find the tenth or the fiftieth or the hundredth.

I teach creativity in the Farmer School of Business at Miami University and conduct innovation sessions for companies around the country.  It is not unusual for us to find more than 100 possible answers in less than 20 minutes.  Brainstorming is exciting when practiced properly.

THE FOURTH RULE: Seek novelty.  Seek the crazy idea.  Suggest the undoable.  It is often in the undoable idea that we actually discover the doable.  Don’t judge that crazy idea. Have others build on it.  With that, true innovation is not just possible, it is probable.

One final note… how do we start our brainstorm?   Same place as always – with a question.  The reason we are not creative is not because of our answers, it’s because of our questions.  Weak questions garner weak ideas.  Think about your last brainstorm.  What was the starting question?   Was it…”Does anyone have any ideas?”  Or,   “What do you wanna do?”  Try starting your brainstorming process by brainstorming stronger questions.   Try “What could we do if time and money was not a factor…”

The quality of your question will determine the quality of your ideas.  And the quality of your brainstorm will determine the impact of your innovation.  This week, April 15 – 21 is World Creativity and Innovation Week.  Celebrate with a great brainstorm and use these rules to keep your brainstorming strong all year.